Rams Hill Mill

An overshot mill for cereal milling

We know of the existence of this overshot mill in Mill Lane, Rams Hill. Mill lane is a track on the left after Haymans Hill when heading to Yalding.

That’s all we know.

Learn more: Overshot mills

A vertically-mounted water wheel that is rotated by falling water striking paddles, blades or buckets near the top of the wheel is said to be overshot.

A typical overshot wheel has the water channeled to the wheel at the top and slightly beyond the axle. The water collects in the buckets on that side of the wheel, making it heavier than the other ’empty’ side. The weight turns the wheel, and the water flows out into the tail-water when the wheel rotates enough to invert the buckets. The overshot design can use all of the water flow for power and does not require rapid flow.

Overshot wheels demand exact engineering and significant head, which usually means significant investment in constructing a dam, millpond and waterways. Sometimes the final approach of the water to the wheel is along a lengthy flume or penstock.

Sources

The Mills Archive

Horsmonden Village Website